Cadmium

Periodic table entry for Cadmium that include the atomic number, abbreviation and mass
CAS Number: 7440-43-9

Cadmium is a metal that is found in nature and is used in many industries and products.

Fact Sheet

Cadmium is found in:

  • Cigarette and other tobacco smoke.
  • Some cheap metal jewelry, including some charms.
  • Rechargeable batteries labeled NiCd or NiCad.
  • Metal plating and solder.
  • Some red, yellow, and orange decorative paints, which may be used on glassware and pottery.
  • Some foods, including:
    • Fish and shellfish from contaminated water.
    • Potatoes, root vegetables, leafy greens, fruit, and rice grown in contaminated soil.
    • Certain organ meat, such as liver and kidney.

Possible health concerns of cadmium:

  • May harm the developing infant and child.
  • May harm the reproductive system in men.
  • Can damage the lungs and kidneys.
  • Can increase cancer risk.
  • Can weaken bones.

Possible ways to reduce exposure to cadmium:

  • Do not smoke or allow others to smoke in your home or car, or around your child.
  • Do not let children wear or play with cheap metal jewelry or charms.
  • Do not let children handle rechargeable batteries labeled NiCd or NiCad.
  • Properly recycle batteries (see below).
  • If you do any welding or metalworking, or work with cadmium in other ways:
    • Be sure that your work area is well ventilated, and use proper protective equipment.
    • Follow other safe work practices, including washing hands frequently, keeping work dust out of your home, and washing work clothes separately.
    • Keep children away from welding fumes and other metal vapors and dusts.
  • Because cadmium can collect in dust:
    • Wash your and your child’s hands often, especially before preparing or eating food.
    • Clean your floors regularly, using a wet mop or HEPA vacuum if possible, and use a damp cloth to dust.
  • Include plenty of variety in your and your child’s diet. Eat a well-balanced diet with enough iron, which can help reduce the amount of cadmium that your body absorbs. 

For More Information: 

Is this information helpful?

No votes yet
Please let us know if the information on this page is helpful for you. Enter your comment and leave your email address if you would like to receive a response. Thank you!

Biomonitoring California Guide Banner

Upcoming Meetings / Reuniónes futuras