Project Results for Biomonitoring Exposures Study (BEST) - 1.Pilot

You may use, distribute or copy the information in these data tables, with attribution to Biomonitoring California. For more information, visit our researchers page or contact us.
Results on page last updated: 03/01/2018
Diverse group of smiling adults

Chemical Group: Environmental Phenols

  • Measured in: Urine
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
Benzophenone-3 Benzophenone-3 µg/L 109 24.4 16.0 37.2 5.70 22.8 86.7 797 94.5% 0.500 µg/L
BPA Bisphenol A µg/L 109 1.40 1.08 1.80 0.660 1.31 2.82 13.3 89.9% 0.200 µg/L
Butyl paraben Butyl Paraben µg/L 109 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 13.5 21.1% 0.500 µg/L
Ethyl paraben Ethyl Paraben µg/L 109 * * * <LOD <LOD 6.83 127 44.0% 0.500 µg/L
Methyl paraben Methyl Paraben µg/L 105 78.4 56.2 109 21.7 76.4 282 1,060 99.0% 0.500 µg/L
Propyl paraben Propyl Paraben µg/L 109 7.66 4.89 12.0 0.555 8.38 49.1 367 75.2% 0.500 µg/L
Triclosan Triclosan µg/L 109 11.7 7.77 17.5 2.54 9.29 44.3 702 96.3% 0.200 µg/L

Chemical Group: Herbicides

  • Measured in: Urine
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
2,4-D 2_4-D µg/L 109 0.304 0.245 0.376 0.163 0.340 0.617 1.92 90.8% 0.0500 µg/L

Chemical Group: Metals

  • Measured in: Blood
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
Cadmium Cadmium µg/L 110 0.271 0.237 0.311 0.170 0.275 0.390 0.990 100% 0.06 µg/L
Lead Lead µg/dL 110 1.05 0.931 1.18 0.700 1.05 1.47 2.45 100% 0.02 µg/dL
Manganese Manganese µg/L 110 8.09 7.62 8.58 6.50 8.40 9.80 13.4 100% 0.45 µg/L
Mercury Mercury µg/L 110 0.748 0.602 0.929 0.370 0.745 1.79 4.26 99.1% 0.04 µg/L

Chemical Group: Metals

  • Measured in: Urine
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
Arsenic Arsenic µg/L 108 11.6 9.30 14.5 5.08 10.9 21.5 102 100% 0.0493 µg/L
Cadmium Cadmium µg/g creatinine 108 0.301 0.267 0.339 0.186 0.300 0.461 0.853 100% 0.0420 µg/L
Mercury Mercury µg/L 108 0.210 0.168 0.263 0.087 0.217 0.509 1.14 98.1% 0.0163 µg/L

Chemical Group: Organochlorine Pesticides

  • Measured in: Serum
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
beta-Hexachlorocyclohexane (beta-HCH) b-HCH ng/g lipid 110 7.00 5.42 9.05 2.98 5.94 11.5 115 89.1% 0.00800 ng/mL
DDE (para,para) para,para-DDT and/or para,para-DDE ng/g lipid 110 321 266 386 161 318 585 2180 100.0% 0.0160 ng/mL
DDT (ortho,para) ortho,para-DDT ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.0% 0.00800 ng/mL
DDT (para,para) para,para-DDT ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 10.6 15.5% 0.00800 ng/mL
Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) HCB ng/g lipid 110 11.6 10.8 12.5 9.21 11.4 14.0 20.6 100.0% 0.00800 ng/mL
Oxychlordane Chlordane ng/g lipid 110 7.61 6.41 9.02 5.45 8.30 13.2 28.4 91.8% 0.00800 ng/mL
trans-Nonachlor Chlordane ng/g lipid 110 14.3 12.0 17.0 8.31 14.5 25.1 60.8 99.1% 0.00800 ng/mL

Chemical Group: Organophosphate Pesticides

  • Measured in: Urine
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
IMPY Diazinon µg/L 109 * * * <LOD <LOD 0.0944 0.708 35.8% 0.0500 µg/L
TCPy Chlorpyrifos, Chlorpyrifos-methyl µg/L 109 1.23 1.05 1.45 0.706 1.24 2.24 4.40 80.7% 0.500 µg/L

Chemical Group: Other Pesticides

  • Measured in: Urine
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
DEET DEET µg/L 109 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.502 12.8% 0.0500 µg/L

Chemical Group: Perchlorate

  • Measured in: Urine
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
Perchlorate Perchlorate µg/L 102 3.77 3.23 4.39 2.26 3.76 5.95 13.9 100% 0.500 µg/L
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
Et-PFOSA-AcOH Et-PFOSA-AcOH ng/mL 110 * * * <LOD <LOD 0.022 0.163 24.5% 0.0313 ng/mL
Me-PFOSA-AcOH Me-PFOSA-AcOH ng/mL 110 0.174 0.142 0.213 0.0945 0.165 0.329 1.350 95.5% 0.0277 ng/mL
PFBuS PFBuS ng/mL 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.0680 11.8% 0.0411 ng/mL
PFDeA PFDeA ng/mL 110 0.245 0.216 0.278 0.160 0.254 0.334 0.767 100% 0.0349 ng/mL
PFDoA PFDoA ng/mL 110 0.0191 0.0166 0.0221 <LOD 0.0193 0.0303 0.0595 70.0% 0.0114 ng/mL
PFHpA PFHpA ng/mL 110 0.0483 0.0395 0.0591 0.0246 0.0543 0.0901 0.269 87.3% 0.010 ng/mL
PFHxS PFHxS ng/mL 110 1.43 1.19 1.73 0.917 1.52 2.43 6.87 99.1% 0.0206 ng/mL
PFNA PFNA ng/mL 110 0.994 0.920 1.07 0.730 0.984 1.35 1.86 100% 0.0154 ng/mL
PFOA PFOA ng/mL 110 1.97 1.76 2.19 1.36 1.99 2.92 4.70 100% 0.0087 ng/mL
PFOS PFOS ng/mL 110 7.00 6.12 8.00 4.66 7.10 10.4 25.8 100% 0.0621 ng/mL
PFOSA PFOSA ng/mL 110 * * * <LOD 0.0254 0.0487 0.195 52.7% 0.0225 ng/mL
PFUA PFUA ng/mL 110 0.128 0.111 0.148 0.0737 0.123 0.195 0.533 100% 0.0254 ng/mL

Chemical Group: Phthalates

  • Measured in: Urine
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
MBzP MBzP µg/L 109 7.49 5.99 9.36 3.65 7.27 18.6 41.9 100% 0.250 µg/L
MCHP mCHP µg/L 109 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 1.83% 0.500 µg/L
MCPP MCPP µg/L 109 1.88 1.52 2.32 1.03 1.64 3.41 14.6 100% 0.125 µg/L
MECPP MECPP µg/L 109 12.1 10.0 14.7 7.10 11.7 20.0 51.7 100% 0.500 µg/L
MEP MEP µg/L 109 57.1 45.2 72.1 25.5 52.1 103 584 97.2% 8.00 µg/L
MnBP MnBP µg/L 109 19.0 16.1 22.4 11.7 18.5 31.6 73.5 98.2% 2.00 µg/L

Chemical Group: Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs)

  • Measured in: Serum
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
BDE 017 BDE 17 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 1.8% 0.003 ng/mL
BDE 028 BDE 28 ng/g lipid 110 1.81 1.52 2.16 1.02 1.64 2.63 10.2 91.8% 0.003 ng/mL
BDE 047 BDE 47 ng/g lipid 110 25.8 21.0 31.6 12.3 26.9 43.2 134 99.1% 0.023 ng/mL
BDE 066 BDE 66 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 1.02 9.1% 0.004 ng/mL
BDE 085 BDE 85 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 3.49 20.0% 0.004 ng/mL
BDE 099 BDE 99 ng/g lipid 110 4.75 3.85 5.85 2.08 4.30 8.36 54.7 80.9% 0.012 ng/mL
BDE 100 BDE 100 ng/g lipid 110 4.02 3.24 4.98 2.07 3.72 6.75 39.1 89.1% 0.006 ng/mL
BDE 153 BDE 153 ng/g lipid 110 13.9 11.6 16.8 7.08 12.5 24.6 98.4 99.1% 0.008 ng/mL
BDE 154 BDE 154 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 5.12 17.3% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 183 BDE 183 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 3.6% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 197 BDE 197 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD 1.76 4.38 42.7% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 201 BDE 201 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 4.5% 0.006 ng/mL
BDE 202 BDE 202 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.9% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 203 BDE 203 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.9% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 206 BDE 206 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 4.5% 0.009 ng/mL
BDE 207 BDE 207 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 2.57 18.2% 0.011 ng/mL
BDE 208 BDE 208 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 2.7% 0.010 ng/mL
BDE 209 BDE 209 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD 5.65 15.5 38.2% 0.030 ng/mL

Chemical Group: Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)

  • Measured in: Serum
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
PCB 066 PCB 066 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD 1.45 2.84 38.2% 0.00800 ng/mL
PCB 074 PCB 074 ng/g lipid 110 3.63 3.12 4.23 1.91 3.27 7.18 13.1 92.7% 0.00800 ng/mL
PCB 099 PCB 099 ng/g lipid 110 2.89 2.49 3.36 1.61 2.81 4.31 11.9 85.5% 0.00800 ng/mL
PCB 101 PCB 101 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD 1.36 2.34 28.2% 0.00800 ng/mL
PCB 105 PCB 105 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD 1.73 4.54 41.8% 0.00800 ng/mL
PCB 118 PCB 118 ng/g lipid 110 4.84 4.10 5.71 2.43 4.14 8.48 19.8 96.4% 0.00800 ng/mL
PCB 138 PCB 138 ng/g lipid 110 9.60 8.11 11.4 5.18 9.81 16.7 43.4 98.2% 0.00800 ng/mL
PCB 153 PCB 153 ng/g lipid 110 22.0 18.5 26.1 12.8 24.7 40.5 99.0 99.1% 0.00800 ng/mL
PCB 156 PCB 156 ng/g lipid 110 3.48 2.99 4.06 1.85 3.66 5.69 13.7 85.5% 0.00800 ng/mL
PCB 170 PCB 170 ng/g lipid 110 6.30 5.36 7.40 3.99 6.85 11.9 23.2 92.7% 0.00800 ng/mL
PCB 180 PCB 180 ng/g lipid 110 21.8 18.2 26.2 13.8 25.7 41.9 79.6 99.1% 0.00800 ng/mL
PCB 183 PCB 183 ng/g lipid 110 2.00 1.75 2.29 <LOD 1.90 3.26 8.51 66.4% 0.00800 ng/mL
PCB 187 PCB 187 ng/g lipid 110 6.38 5.37 7.58 3.60 6.90 11.7 25.0 91.8% 0.00800 ng/mL
PCB 194 PCB 194 ng/g lipid 110 5.24 4.45 6.17 2.96 5.50 9.87 19.2 89.1% 0.00800 ng/mL
PCB 203 PCB 203 ng/g lipid 110 3.15 2.71 3.66 1.55 3.41 5.35 10.8 81.8% 0.00800 ng/mL

Chemical Group: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs)

  • Measured in: Urine
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
1-NAP Naphthalene pg/mL 109 1,650 1,260 2,150 668 1,430 3,630 18,100 100.0% 25 pg/mL
1-PHEN Phenanthrene pg/mL 109 126 106 149 80.2 133 259 478 99.1% 10 pg/mL
1-PYR Pyrene pg/mL 109 93.0 75.1 115 49.3 88.1 177 665 88.1% 20 pg/mL
2-FLUO Fluorene pg/mL 109 246 198 305 121 232 387 2,290 100.0% 20 pg/mL
2-NAP Naphthalene pg/mL 109 4,290 3,450 5,340 1,950 4,190 10,200 25,000 100.0% 20 pg/mL
2-PHEN Phenanthrene pg/mL 109 39.1 33.6 45.5 24.4 41.8 70.3 119 93.6% 10 pg/mL
3-FLUO Fluorene pg/mL 109 124 97.9 157 54.2 103 227 1,580 95.4% 20 pg/mL
3-PHEN Phenanthrene pg/mL 109 57.4 47.8 68.9 31.7 53.1 117 285 96.3% 10 pg/mL
9-FLUO Fluorene pg/mL 109 323 268 389 184 312 607 1,940 99.1% 37 pg/mL

Chemical Group: Pyrethroid Pesticides

  • Measured in: Urine
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
3-Phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) Cyhalothrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, fenpropathrin, permethrin, and/or tralomethrin µg/L 109 0.774 0.609 0.983 0.390 0.736 1.79 5.95 98.2% 0.0500 µg/L
4-Fluoro-3-phenoxybenzoic acid (4F-3-PBA) Cyfluthrin µg/L 109 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.143 14.7% 0.0500 µg/L
Trans-DCCA Cyfluthrin, cypermethrin, permethrin µg/L 109 0.614 0.476 0.792 0.258 0.555 1.21 7.42 98.2% 0.0500 µg/L

Footnotes

*Geometric mean was not calculated because the chemical was found in less than 65% of the study group.
*Geometric mean was not calculated because the chemical was found in less than 65% of the study group