Results for Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs)

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Results on page last updated: 03/16/2017

Chemical Group: Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs)

  • Measured in: Serum
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
BDE 017 BDE 17 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 1.8% 0.003 ng/mL
BDE 028 BDE 28 ng/g lipid 110 1.81 1.52 2.16 1.02 1.64 2.63 10.2 91.8% 0.003 ng/mL
BDE 047 BDE 47 ng/g lipid 110 25.8 21.0 31.6 12.3 26.9 43.2 134 99.1% 0.023 ng/mL
BDE 066 BDE 66 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 1.02 9.1% 0.004 ng/mL
BDE 085 BDE 85 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 3.49 20.0% 0.004 ng/mL
BDE 099 BDE 99 ng/g lipid 110 4.75 3.85 5.85 2.08 4.30 8.36 54.7 80.9% 0.012 ng/mL
BDE 100 BDE 100 ng/g lipid 110 4.02 3.24 4.98 2.07 3.72 6.75 39.1 89.1% 0.006 ng/mL
BDE 153 BDE 153 ng/g lipid 110 13.9 11.6 16.8 7.08 12.5 24.6 98.4 99.1% 0.008 ng/mL
BDE 154 BDE 154 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 5.12 17.3% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 183 BDE 183 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 3.6% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 197 BDE 197 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD 1.76 4.38 42.7% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 201 BDE 201 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 4.5% 0.006 ng/mL
BDE 202 BDE 202 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.9% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 203 BDE 203 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.9% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 206 BDE 206 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 4.5% 0.009 ng/mL
BDE 207 BDE 207 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 2.57 18.2% 0.011 ng/mL
BDE 208 BDE 208 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 2.7% 0.010 ng/mL
BDE 209 BDE 209 ng/g lipid 110 * * * <LOD <LOD 5.65 15.5 38.2% 0.030 ng/mL
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
BDE 017 BDE 17 ng/g lipid 217 * * * * * * * 0% 0.008 ng/mL
BDE 028 BDE 28 ng/g lipid 217 * * * <LOD <LOD 2.41 5.38 48.8% 0.008 ng/mL
BDE 047 BDE 47 ng/g lipid 217 20.3 17.8 23.2 9.77 21.7 37.0 119 98.6% 0.017 ng/mL
BDE 066 BDE 66 ng/g lipid 217 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 1.4% 0.008 ng/mL
BDE 085 BDE 85 ng/g lipid 217 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 2.34 9.2% 0.008 ng/mL
BDE 099 BDE 99 ng/g lipid 217 4.31 3.77 4.92 2.03 3.84 8.55 27.0 89.4% 0.009 ng/mL
BDE 100 BDE 100 ng/g lipid 217 4.31 3.76 4.94 1.85 4.11 8.89 26.2 86.6% 0.008 ng/mL
BDE 153 BDE 153 ng/g lipid 217 11.1 9.73 12.8 5.72 10.3 20.0 65.6 93.1% 0.016 ng/mL
BDE 154 BDE 154 ng/g lipid 217 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 3.7% 0.016 ng/mL
BDE 183 BDE 183 ng/g lipid 217 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.5% 0.016 ng/mL
BDE 197 BDE 197 ng/g lipid 217 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 3.81 9.7% 0.016 ng/mL
BDE 201 BDE 201 ng/g lipid 217 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.5% 0.016 ng/mL
BDE 202 BDE 202 ng/g lipid 217 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.5% 0.016 ng/mL
BDE 203 BDE 203 ng/g lipid 217 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.5% 0.016 ng/mL
BDE 206 BDE 206 ng/g lipid 217 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.9% 0.020 ng/mL
BDE 207 BDE 207 ng/g lipid 217 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 4.30 5.1% 0.020 ng/mL
BDE 208 BDE 208 ng/g lipid 217 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.9% 0.020 ng/mL
BDE 209 BDE 209 ng/g lipid 190 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.5% 0.257 ng/mL
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 90th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
BDE 047 BDE 47 ng/g lipid 48 43 33 56 23 35 68 110 98% 0.074 ng/mL
BDE 099 BDE 99 ng/g lipid 48 11 8.5 14 6.5 10.1 12.7 25 100% 0.018 ng/mL
BDE 100 BDE 100 ng/g lipid 48 12 10 15 8.0 10 15 22 100% 0.015 ng/mL
BDE 153 BDE 153 ng/g lipid 48 10 7.6 14 5.0 8.9 16 46 96% 0.015 ng/mL
BDE 154 BDE 154 ng/g lipid 48 * * * <LOD <LOD 3.6 5.7 48% 0.015 ng/mL
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
BDE 017 BDE 17 ng/g lipid 1980 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.2% 0.006 ng/mL
BDE 028 BDE 28 ng/g lipid 1980 * * * <LOD <LOD 1.96 4.73 42.9% 0.008 ng/mL
BDE 047 BDE 47 ng/g lipid 1980 14.1 13.6 14.7 7.22 13.1 25.3 73.5 86.4% 0.024 ng/mL
BDE 066 BDE 66 ng/g lipid 1980 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.05% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 085 BDE 85 ng/g lipid 1980 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 1.87 7.8% 0.002 ng/mL
BDE 099 BDE 99 ng/g lipid 1980 * * * <LOD <LOD 5.00 16.0 44.3% 0.018 ng/mL
BDE 100 BDE 100 ng/g lipid 1980 2.62 2.50 2.73 1.19 2.31 4.71 15.7 75.9% 0.004 ng/mL
BDE 153 BDE 153 ng/g lipid 1980 5.60 5.34 5.85 2.66 4.75 9.48 43.1 77% 0.009 ng/mL
BDE 154 BDE 154 ng/g lipid 1980 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 3.9% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 183 BDE 183 ng/g lipid 1980 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 1.7% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 197 BDE 197 ng/g lipid 1980 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 3.58 8.4% 0.005 ng/mL
BDE 201 BDE 201 ng/g lipid 1980 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 2.5% 0.005 ng/mL
BDE 202 BDE 202 ng/g lipid 1980 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 2.9% 0.005 ng/mL
BDE 203 BDE 203 ng/g lipid 1980 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 2.1% 0.005 ng/mL
BDE 206 BDE 206 ng/g lipid 1862 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 3.3% 0.004 ng/mL
BDE 207 BDE 207 ng/g lipid 1857 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 4.56 9.3% 0.006 ng/mL
BDE 208 BDE 208 ng/g lipid 1814 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 3.7% 0.003 ng/mL
BDE 209 BDE 209 ng/g lipid 1797 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 33.3 8.7% 0.053 ng/mL
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 95th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
BDE 017 BDE 17 ng/g lipid 101 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 1.0% 0.003 ng/mL
BDE 028 BDE 28 ng/g lipid 101 1.70 1.50 1.93 1.17 1.63 2.38 5.09 97.0% 0.003 ng/mL
BDE 047 BDE 47 ng/g lipid 101 32.2 27.8 37.5 19.3 29.9 47.9 150 99.0% 0.038 ng/mL
BDE 066 BDE 66 ng/g lipid 101 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.635 5.9% 0.003 ng/mL
BDE 085 BDE 85 ng/g lipid 101 * * * <LOD <LOD 0.655 1.82 34.7% 0.003 ng/mL
BDE 099 BDE 99 ng/g lipid 101 6.19 5.35 7.17 3.54 5.79 9.12 22.6 90.1% 0.017 ng/mL
BDE 100 BDE 100 ng/g lipid 101 5.68 4.77 6.75 3.31 5.14 8.14 32.7 98.0% 0.005 ng/mL
BDE 153 BDE 153 ng/g lipid 101 15.4 12.9 18.2 9.01 12.9 21.1 63.1 100% 0.005 ng/mL
BDE 154 BDE 154 ng/g lipid 101 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 2.71 19.8% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 183 BDE 183 ng/g lipid 101 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 5.0% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 197 BDE 197 ng/g lipid 101 * * * <LOD 1.25 1.93 3.84 62.4% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 201 BDE 201 ng/g lipid 101 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 5.0% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 202 BDE 202 ng/g lipid 101 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 1.0% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 203 BDE 203 ng/g lipid 101 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 1.0% 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 206 BDE 206 ng/g lipid 101 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 1.99 11.9% 0.009 ng/mL
BDE 207 BDE 207 ng/g lipid 101 * * * <LOD 1.31 1.72 4.53 50.5% 0.009 ng/mL
BDE 208 BDE 208 ng/g lipid 101 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 1.59 7.9% 0.009 ng/mL
BDE 209 BDE 209 ng/g lipid 101 * * * <LOD <LOD 28.3 93.7 28.7% 0.150 ng/mL
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 90th Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
BDE 017 BDE 17 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.005 ng/mL
BDE 028 BDE 28 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD <LOD 0.75 1.6 0.005 ng/mL
BDE 047 BDE 47 ng/g lipid 77 9.56 7.54 12.1 4.67 8.34 16.0 33.0 0.023 ng/mL
BDE 066 BDE 66 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.005 ng/mL
BDE 085 BDE 85 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.005 ng/mL
BDE 099 BDE 99 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD 2.74 5.02 9.92 0.019 ng/mL
BDE 100 BDE 100 ng/g lipid 77 2.17 1.70 2.77 0.960 1.96 3.95 8.11 0.005 ng/mL
BDE 153 BDE 153 ng/g lipid 77 2.64 2.01 3.47 0.980 1.94 7.66 14.9 0.005 ng/mL
BDE 154 BDE 154 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 183 BDE 183 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 197 BDE 197 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD <LOD 0.93 1.5 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 201 BDE 201 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 202 BDE 202 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 203 BDE 203 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.007 ng/mL
BDE 206 BDE 206 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.009 ng/mL
BDE 207 BDE 207 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD 2.07 0.009 ng/mL
BDE 208 BDE 208 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0.009 ng/mL
BDE 209 BDE 209 ng/g lipid 77 * * * <LOD 5.41 9.31 13.5 0.045 ng/mL
95% Confidence Interval Selected Percentiles
Chemical measured Indicates exposure to Units Number of people tested Geometric mean Lower Upper 25th 50th 75th 90th Detection frequency Limit of Detection (LOD), wet-weight
BDE 017 BDE 17 ng/g lipid 58 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0% 0.011 ng/mL
BDE 028 BDE 28 ng/g lipid 58 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 3.4% 0.011 ng/mL
BDE 047 BDE 47 ng/g lipid 58 13.7 11.1 16.8 6.57 13.9 22.8 38.7 75.9% 0.043 ng/mL
BDE 066 BDE 66 ng/g lipid 58 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0% 0.011 ng/mL
BDE 085 BDE 85 ng/g lipid 58 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0% 0.011 ng/mL
BDE 099 BDE 99 ng/g lipid 58 * * * <LOD <LOD 6.86 17.7 43.1% 0.023 ng/mL
BDE 100 BDE 100 ng/g lipid 58 * * * <LOD 2.57 5.04 12.4 62.1% 0.011 ng/mL
BDE 153 BDE 153 ng/g lipid 58 * * * <LOD 6.05 10.9 22.2 63.8% 0.021 ng/mL
BDE 154 BDE 154 ng/g lipid 58 * * * <LOD <LOD <LOD <LOD 0% 0.021 ng/mL

Footnotes

*Geometric mean was not calculated because the chemical was found in less than 65% of the study group.
*Geometric mean was not calculated because the chemical was found in less than 65% of the study group