Cadmium

Periodic table entry for Cadmium that include the atomic number, abbreviation and mass
CAS Number: 7440-43-9

Cadmium is a metal that is found in nature and is used in many industries and products.

Fact Sheet

Cadmium is found in

  • Cigarette and other tobacco smoke.
  • Some cheap metal jewelry, including some charms.
  • Rechargeable batteries labeled NiCd or NiCad.
  • Metal plating and solder.
  • Some red, yellow, and orange decorative paints, which may be used on glassware and pottery.

Possible health concerns

Cadmium:

  • May affect brain development in young children.
  • Can damage the lungs and kidneys.
  • Can increase lung cancer risk.
  • Can weaken bones.

Possible ways to reduce exposure

  • Do not smoke or let children breathe cigarette or other tobacco smoke.
  • Do not let children wear or play with cheap metal jewelry or charms.
  • Do not let children handle rechargeable batteries labeled NiCd or NiCad.
  • Properly recycle batteries (see below).
  • If you do any welding or metalworking, be sure that your work area is well ventilated and use proper protective equipment.
  • Keep children away from welding fumes and other metal vapors and dusts.
  • Eat a well-balanced diet with adequate iron, which can help reduce the amount of cadmium that your body absorbs.

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